Historical Newspapers and Journals

Welsh Newspapers Online

Welsh Newspapers Online Beta is a free online resource from the National Library of Wales where you can discover millions of articles from the Library’s rich collection of historical newspapers.

Welsh Newspapers Online Beta currently lets you search and access over 630,000 pages from nearly 100 newspaper publications generally up to 1910 and will grow to over 1 million pages as more publications are added during 2014. This resource also includes newspaper content that has been digitised by The Welsh Experience of World War One project.

Welsh Newspapers Online Beta is part-funded by the Strategic Capital Investment Fund and the European Regional Development Fund through the Welsh Government.

Europe & Wales: Investing in your future

Let us know what you think

Welsh Newspapers Beta is still in development and we will be fixing the following bugs and adding the following features over the next few months:

  • the ability to download and email article citations
  • the ability to download PDF files
  • advanced search
  • displaying newspaper edition statements
  • support for touch-screen devices

 In the meantime, please let us know what you think about the site using the 'Contact Us' link located on the bottom of every page.

History of newspaper publishing in Wales

Newspaper publishing came late to Wales compared to the rest of the UK and the first printing press was established in 1718. Wales experienced radical social change during the first half of the 19th century and newspaper publishing was a response to the nation’s increasing political awareness, increasing population and the rich industrial economy.

The first newspaper to be published in Wales was The Cambrian, in Swansea in 1804. Swansea at that time was beginning to develop into a busy commercial and industrial town, with the communications infrastructure that was necessary for the distribution of the newspaper to the minority of English speakers and readers in the principal towns of South Wales. North Wales followed soon afterwards with its first weekly, The North Wales Gazette, established in Bangor in 1808 by the Broster family of Chester. Two years later The Carmarthen Journal was to appear, which sought its readership in west Wales.

The first Welsh language weekly to be published was Seren Gomer, founded by Joseph Harris in 1814. Unlike the others already mentioned, Seren Gomer saw itself as a national newspaper, which sought to serve the whole of Wales and strengthen the Welsh language.

The first daily newspaper to be published in Wales was The Cambrian Daily Leader (1861) but it was the Western Mail (1869) that was to become Wales’ foremost daily newspaper and it continues as such today.

How did we digitise the original newspapers?

The scanning of the collection was undertaken at the National Library of Wales following investment in a new digitisation studio, specialist scanning units and workflow management tools to provide the capacity for a team of dedicated staff to prepare and scan each page.

The preparation team recorded the issue dates and page numbers (metadata) before they were passed on to the digitisation team for scanning. The condition and quality of the volumes vary greatly and in some cases conservation work was undertaken before fragile and damaged pages were scanned.

The digital scans, essentially ‘digital photographs’ of the pages, were subsequently processed with specialist Optical Character Recognition software to render the text searchable and a separate semi-automated process identified the different articles on the page.

All digital files will be safeguarded in perpetuity in the National Library of Wales's robust digital asset management system which has been significantly extended to provide the optimal storage capacity for this collection.

Newspaper publications

Welsh Newspapers Online Beta will continue to grow throughout 2013 to include the following publications. Please note that the digital collection reflects the physical holdings of the National Library of Wales and not all newspaper issues for the years specified will be available.

Newspaper Indicative Years Availability
Aberdare Leader 1902-1910; 1913-1919 1902-1910 Available; 1913-1919 New
Aberdare Times 1861-1902 Available
Abergavenny Chronicle 1909-1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014; 1914-1919 New
Abergavenny Mail 1914 New
Aberystwyth Observer 1858-1861; 1864-1900; 1902-1910 Available
Aberystwyth Times 1868-1870 New
Aberystwyth Visitor's List and Guide 1887 New
Adsain 1906; 1914-1919 2013-2014; 1914-1919 New
Amman Valley Chronicle 1913-1919 New
Amserau 1846-59 2013-2014
Baner ac Amserau Cymru 1857-1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014; 1914-1919 New
Barmouth and County Advertiser 1914-1917 New
Barry Dock News 1889-1910; 1914-1918 2013-2014; 1914-1918 New
Barry Herald 1896-1910 2013-2014
Brecon and Radnor Express 1914-1918 New
Brecon County Times 1866-1869; 1900; 1905-1910; 1913-1919 2013-2014; 1913-1919 New
Brecon Reporter 1865-1867 New
Brython (Lerpwl) 1914-1919 New
Brython Cymreig 1892-1901; 1906-1910 Available
Caernarvon and Denbigh Herald 1836-1910 2013-New
Cambria Daily Leader 1914-1918 New
Cambrian 1804-1860; 1870-1910 Ar gael
Cambrian News 1860-1910; 1914-1919 1860-1910 Available; 1914-1919 New
Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian 1845-1874 Available
Cardiff Times 1858-1910 Available
Cardigan Bay Visitor 1887-1905 New
Cardigan Observer 1878-1897 2013-2014
Carmarthen Journal 1810-1812; 1828-1831; 1889-1893; 1901-1910; 1913-1919 New
Carmarthen Weekly Reporter 1860-1910; 1913-1919 New
Celt 1878-1879; 1881-1906 Available
Cheshire Observer 1901-1908 2013-2014
Chester Courant 1897-1908 2013-2014
Clorianydd 1897-1907; 1909-1910; 1914-1919 New
Colwyn Bay & North Wales Weekly News 1892; 1894-1907 Available
County Echo [Pembrokeshire] 1901-1910 2013-2014
County Observer and Monmouthshire Central Advertiser 1867-1878; 1881-1884; 1899-1908 Available
Cymro a'r Celt Llundain 1907-1910 Available
Cymro [Lerpwl a'r Wyddgrug] 1890-1907; 1914-1919 1890-1907 Available; 1914-1919 New
Darian 1914-1919 2013-2014
Demetian Mirror 1840 New
Denbighshire Free Press 1882-1910; 1914-1919 New
Dinesydd Cymreig 1914-1919 New
Drafod 1913-1919 New
Drych 1875-1878; 1881-1900; 1914-1919 New
Dydd 1868-1870; 1872-1890; 1892-1910; 1914-1919 1868-1870; 1872-1890; 1892-1910; Available; 1914-1919 New
Evening Express 1891-1910 Available
Flintshire Observer 1864-1900; 1907-1910; 1913-1915 New
Genedl 1914-1917 New
Genedl Gymreig 1877-1900 2013-2014
Glamorgan Free Press 1897-1899 2013-2014
Glamorgan Gazette 1894-1895; 1906-1910; 1914-1919 New
Glamorgan, Monmouth and Brecon Gazette 1832-1843 2013-2014
Goleuad 1869-1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014 ; 1901-1910 Available; 1914-1919 New
Gwalia 1883; 1897-1910 New
Gwladgarwr 1858-1882 Available
Gwyliedydd 1877-1908 Available
Gwyliedydd Newydd 1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014; 1914-1919New
Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph 1857-1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014
Herald Cymraeg 1901-1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014; 1914-1919 New
Herald of Wales and Monmouthshire Recorder 1897; 1914-1919 2013-2014; New
Illustrated Usk Observer 1855-1866 Available
Llais y Wlad 1874-1884 Available
Llais Llafur 1914-1919 Available
Llan 1881-1910; 1913-1919 2013-2014; 1913-1919New
Llandudno Advertiser and List of Visitors 1896-1910 New
Llanelly Mercury 1897; 1909-1910 2013-2014
Llanelly Star 1910; 1914-1919 2013-2014; 1914-1919 New
Llangollen Advertiser 1868-1873; 1875-1903; 1905-1908; 1914-1919 1868-1873; 1875-1903; 1905-1908; Ar gael 1914-1919 New
London Kelt - Celt Llundain 1895-1904 Available
London Welshman - Cymro Llundain 1904-1906 Available
Merthyr Express 1864-1869; 1909-1910 New
Merthyr Pioneer 1914-1919 Available
Merthyr Telegraph 1855-1881 2013-2014
Merthyr Times 1895-1897 Available
Monmouth Guardian 1914-1919 New
Monmouthshire Merlin 1829-1884 Available
Montgomery County Times 1893-1900 Available
Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times 1892-1908 Available
Negesydd 1895-1909 New
North Wales Chronicle 1827-1900; 1914-1919 2013-2014
North Wales Express 1878-1910 Available
North Wales Gazette 1808-1816; 1823-1825 2013-2014
North Wales Times 1897-1900 New
North Wales Weekly News 1909-1910 Available
Papur Pawb 1893-1904; 1909-1910 Available
Pembroke County Guardian 1901-1910 2013-2014
Pembrokeshire Herald 1844-1891; 1901-1910 Available
Penarth Chronicle 1895 New
Pontypool Free Press 1859-1869; 1872-1893 2013-2014
Pontypridd Chronicle 1881-1883; 1886-1905 New
Potter's Electric News 1859-1868 Available
Prestatyn Weekly 1905-1910 Available
Principality 1848-1850 New
Rhedegydd 1878-1879; 1893-1910 2013-2014
Rhondda Leader 1899-1910 New
Rhos Herald 1909-1910 2013-2014
Rhyl Advertiser 1878-1887; 1893 New
Rhyl Journal 1889-1910 Available
Rhyl Record and Advertiser 1888-1910 Available
Seren Cymru 1851-1852; 1856-1857; 1860-1910; 1914-1918 Available
Seren Gomer 1814-1815 2013-2014
South Wales Daily News 1872-1900 2013-2014
South Wales Daily Post 1893-1900; 1910 Available
South Wales Echo 1880-1882; 1885-1900 2013-2014
South Wales Star 1891-1894 Available
South Wales Weekly Post 1914-1919 New
Swansea Gazette and Daily Shipping Register 1909-1910 Available
Tarian y Gweithiwr 1875-1910 Available
Tenby Observer 1854-1860; 1867-1889; 1909-1910 2013-2014
Towyn on Sea and Merioneth County Times 1897-1905 New
Tyst a'r Dydd 1871-1891 2013-2014
Tyst Cymreig 1867-1870 2013-2014
Tyst 1892-1910; 1914-1917 2013-2014; 1914-1917New
Udgorn 1913-1918 New
Weekly Mail 1879-1910 Available
Welsh Coast Pioneer 1900-1910 New
Welsh Gazette 1899-1910 2013-2014
Welshman 1835-1910 New
Werin 1885-1900 New
Western Mail 1869-1900 2013-2014
Wrexham Guardian 1875-1879 New
Wrexham Weekly Advertiser 1854-1900 2013-2014
Wythnos a'r Eryr 1899-1903; 1909-1910 2013-2014

Open Data

The Library is committed to sharing the data behind the Newspapers Online website. Access to the APIs that the website is built on with be available soon.

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