The Communist Party

The British Communist Party was founded in July 1920, and from 1929 they had candidates in most General Elections.

It was the Communists who set up and encouraged the development of the National Movement for the Unemployed Workers. In 1937 the central committee for the Communist Party announced that they fully supported the campaign for self-government in Wales.

W. J. Rees translated the Communist Manifesto into Welsh in 1948, and certain communist policies were drafted specifically for Wales and put in pamphlets such as The Fight for Socialism in Wales (1948).

"The ideological excitement of the Russian Revolution provided a new stimulus to industrial unionism in all it's diverse forms, and after 1918 South Wales was to become, along with Clydeside, the major breeding-ground for the Communist Party of Great Britain"

K. O. Morgan, Wales in British Politics.

Arthur Horner ( 31K)

Maerdy in South Wales was called Little Moscow, because of the influence of the Communist Party on the Workers.

Arthur Horner (1894-1969) was one of the first members of the Communist party. He became president of the South Wales Miners' Federation in 1936, the first Communist to get the job, and he was the General Secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers from 1946 to 1959. He stood as a candidate in many General Elections for the Communist Party in Wales, and in 1933 in the Rhondda East constituency by-election he gained 11,000 votes, only 3,000 less than his opponent, W. H. Mainwaring.

During the summer of 1927 Idris Cox (1899-1989) became a full time organiser for the South Wales Communist Party. He dedicated most of his life to working for the Communist cause. He was very active in the campaign to nominate Communists to local government, and he was Harry Pollitt's assistant during the run up to the 1945 General Election in Rhondda East.

T. E. Nicholas (1878-1971), or 'Niclas y Glais' as he was called, was a founder member of the Communist Party in Britain. He stood for the Independent Labour Party in the 'Khaki' election of 1918, but then turned his back on them. He wrote a collection of poetry, including some propaganda songs in the volume Salmau'r Werin and some fervent articles on Socialism.

T. E. Nicholas (35K)
Arthur True (18K)

Celebrations took place in Cardiff during February 1943 to commemorate twenty-five years since the establishment of the Red Army, the Bolshevik army in the Russian Civil War. It was established in 1918 by Trotsky (1879-1940), one of the leaders of the Russian Revolution in October 1917.

In 1941 the membership of the Communist Party in Britain trebled and in the 1945 General Election the party leader, Harry Pollitt was only 972 votes short of winning the parliamentary seat of Rhondda East. This was the best election result the Communists ever had in Wales.

In 1979 Annie Powell was elected Mayor in the Borough of Rhondda, the first ever Communist Mayor in Britain.

Many committed individuals contributed to the establishment and development of the Communist Party in Wales, among them J. Rosse Williams, Dai Francis and Dai Dan Evans.

The Communist Party was re-established in 1988 and by the National Assembly for Wales election in 1999 they had a number of Communist candidates, including Robert Griffiths, general secretary of the Communist Party, who stood in Pontypridd.

Robert Griffiths Sticker (31K) Communist Poster, 1999 (35K)

The Communist Party
The Welsh Republican Movement
The Green Party

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