Welsh Newspapers Online

Welsh Newspapers Online is a free online resource from the National Library of Wales where you can discover millions of articles from the Library’s rich collection of historical newspapers.

Welsh Newspapers Online currently lets you search and access over 1,100,000 pages from nearly 120 newspaper publications generally up to 1910. This resource also includes newspaper content that has been digitised by The Welsh Experience of World War One project.

Welsh Newspapers Online is part-funded by the Strategic Capital Investment Fund and the European Regional Development Fund through the Welsh Government.

You may also be interested in Welsh Journals, which gives access to over 1,200,000 pages from over 475 journals published between 1735 and 2006.

Let us know what you think

We are always looking at ways of improving Welsh Newspapers Online resource and we would welcome your comments and suggestions.

Please let us know what you think about the site using the 'Contact Us' link located on the bottom of every page.

History of newspaper publishing in Wales

Newspaper publishing came late to Wales compared to the rest of the UK and the first printing press was established in 1718. Wales experienced radical social change during the first half of the 19th century and newspaper publishing was a response to the nation’s increasing political awareness, increasing population and the rich industrial economy.

The first newspaper to be published in Wales was The Cambrian, in Swansea in 1804. Swansea at that time was beginning to develop into a busy commercial and industrial town, with the communications infrastructure that was necessary for the distribution of the newspaper to the minority of English speakers and readers in the principal towns of South Wales. North Wales followed soon afterwards with its first weekly, The North Wales Gazette, established in Bangor in 1808 by the Broster family of Chester. Two years later The Carmarthen Journal was to appear, which sought its readership in west Wales.

The first Welsh language weekly to be published was Seren Gomer, founded by Joseph Harris in 1814. Unlike the others already mentioned, Seren Gomer saw itself as a national newspaper, which sought to serve the whole of Wales and strengthen the Welsh language.

The first daily newspaper to be published in Wales was The Cambrian Daily Leader (1861) but it was the Western Mail (1869) that was to become Wales’ foremost daily newspaper and it continues as such today.

How did we digitise the original newspapers?

The scanning of the collection was undertaken at the National Library of Wales following investment in a new digitisation studio, specialist scanning units and workflow management tools to provide the capacity for a team of dedicated staff to prepare and scan each page.

The preparation team recorded the issue dates and page numbers (metadata) before they were passed on to the digitisation team for scanning. The condition and quality of the volumes vary greatly and in some cases conservation work was undertaken before fragile and damaged pages were scanned.

The digital scans, essentially ‘digital photographs’ of the pages, were subsequently processed with specialist Optical Character Recognition software to render the text searchable and a separate semi-automated process identified the different articles on the page.

All digital files will be safeguarded in perpetuity in the National Library of Wales's robust digital asset management system which has been significantly extended to provide the optimal storage capacity for this collection.

Newspaper publications

Welsh Newspapers Online will continue to grow in the future. Please note that the digital collection reflects the physical holdings of the National Library of Wales and not all newspaper issues for the years specified will be available.

Newspaper Indicative Years Availability
Aberdare Leader 1902-1910; 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Aberdare Times 1861-1902 <b>Available</b>
Abergavenny Chronicle 1909-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Abergavenny Mail 1914 <b>Available</b>
Aberystwyth Observer 1858-1861; 1864-1900; 1902-1910 <b>Available</b>
Aberystwyth Times 1868-1870 <b>Available</b>
Aberystwyth Visitor's List and Guide 1887 <b>Available</b>
Adsain 1906; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Amman Valley Chronicle 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Amserau 1846-59 <b>Available</b>
Baner ac Amserau Cymru 1857-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Barmouth and County Advertiser 1914-1917 <b>Available</b>
Barry Dock News 1889-1910; 1914-1918 <b>Available</b>
Barry Herald 1896-1910 <b>Available</b>
Brecon and Radnor Express 1914-1918 <b>Available</b>
Brecon County Times 1866-1869; 1900; 1905-1910; 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Brecon Reporter 1865-1867 <b>Available</b>
Brython (Lerpwl) 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Brython Cymreig 1892-1901; 1906-1910 <b>Available</b>
Caernarvon and Denbigh Herald 1836-1910 <b>Available</b>
Cambrian Daily Leader 1913; 1914-1918; 1919 <b>Available</b>
Cambrian 1804-1860; 1870-1910 <b>Available</b>
Cambrian News 1860-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian 1845-1874 <b>Available</b>
Cardiff Times 1858-1910 <b>Available</b>
Cardigan Bay Visitor 1887-1905 <b>Available</b>
Cardigan Observer 1878-1897 <b>Available</b>
Carmarthen Journal 1810-1812; 1828-1831; 1889-1893; 1901-1910; 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Carmarthen Weekly Reporter 1860-1910; 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Celt 1878-1879; 1881-1906 <b>Available</b>
Cheshire Observer 1901-1908 <b>Available</b>
Chester Courant 1897-1908 <b>Available</b>
Clorianydd 1897-1907; 1909-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Colwyn Bay & North Wales Weekly News 1892; 1894-1907 <b>Available</b>
County Echo [Pembrokeshire] 1893-1896; 1901-1910 <b>Available</b>
County Observer and Monmouthshire Central Advertiser 1867-1878; 1881-1884; 1899-1908 <b>Available</b>
Cymro a'r Celt Llundain 1907-1910 <b>Available</b>
Cymro [Lerpwl a'r Wyddgrug] 1890-1907; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Darian 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Demetian Mirror 1840 <b>Available</b>
Denbighshire Free Press 1882-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Dinesydd Cymreig 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Drafod 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Drych 1875-1878; 1881-1900; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Dydd 1868-1870; 1872-1890; 1892-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Evening Express 1891-1899; 1900-1910 <b>Available</b>
Flintshire Observer 1864-1900; 1907-1910; 1913-1915 <b>Available</b>
Genedl 1914-1917 <b>Available</b>
Genedl Gymreig 1877-1900 <b>Available</b>
Glamorgan Free Press 1897-1899 <b>Available</b>
Glamorgan Gazette 1894-1895; 1906-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Glamorgan, Monmouth and Brecon Gazette 1832-1843 <b>Available</b>
Goleuad 1869-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Gwalia 1883; 1897-1910 <b>Available</b>
Gwladgarwr 1858-1882 <b>Available</b>
Gwyliedydd 1877-1908 <b>Available</b>
Gwyliedydd Newydd 1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph 1857-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Herald Cymraeg 1901-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Herald of Wales and Monmouthshire Recorder 1897; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Illustrated Usk Observer 1855-1866 <b>Available</b>
Llais y Wlad 1874-1884 <b>Available</b>
Llais Llafur 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Llan 1881-1910; 1913-1919 <b>Available</b>
Llandudno Advertiser and List of Visitors 1896-1910 <b>Available</b>
Llanelly Mercury 1897; 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Llanelly Star 1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Llangollen Advertiser 1868-1873; 1875-1903; 1905-1908; 1909-1910; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
London Kelt - Celt Llundain 1895-1904 <b>Available</b>
London Welshman - Cymro Llundain 1904-1906 <b>Available</b>
Merthyr Express 1864-1869; 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Merthyr Pioneer 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Merthyr Telegraph 1855-1881 <b>Available</b>
Merthyr Times 1895-1897 <b>Available</b>
Monmouth Guardian 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Monmouthshire Merlin 1829-1884 <b>Available</b>
Montgomery County Times 1893-1900 <b>Available</b>
Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times 1892-1908 <b>Available</b>
Negesydd 1895-1909 <b>Available</b>
North Wales Chronicle 1827-1900; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
North Wales Express 1878-1910 <b>Available</b>
North Wales Gazette 1808-1816; 1823-1825 <b>Available</b>
North Wales Times 1897-1900 <b>Available</b>
North Wales Weekly News 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Papur Pawb 1893-1904; 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Pembroke County Guardian 1898-1910 <b>Available</b>
Pembrokeshire Herald 1844-1891; 1901-1910 <b>Available</b>
Penarth Chronicle 1895 <b>Available</b>
Pontypool Free Press 1859-1869; 1872-1893 <b>Available</b>
Pontypridd Chronicle 1881-1883; 1886-1905 <b>Available</b>
Potter's Electric News 1859-1868 <b>Available</b>
Prestatyn Weekly 1905-1910 <b>Available</b>
Principality 1848-1850 <b>Available</b>
Rhedegydd 1878-1879; 1886; 1889; 1893-1910 <b>Available</b>
Rhondda Leader 1899-1910 <b>Available</b>
Rhos Herald 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Rhyl Advertiser 1878-1887; 1893 <b>Available</b>
Rhyl Journal 1889-1910 <b>Available</b>
Rhyl Record and Advertiser 1888-1910 <b>Available</b>
Seren Cymru 1851-1852; 1856-1857; 1860-1910; 1913; 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Seren Gomer 1814-1815 <b>Available</b>
South Wales Daily News 1872-1900 <b>Available</b>
South Wales Daily Post 1893-1900; 1910 <b>Available</b>
South Wales Echo 1880-1882; 1885-1900 <b>Available</b>
South Wales Star 1891-1894 <b>Available</b>
South Wales Weekly Post 1914-1919 <b>Available</b>
Swansea Gazette and Daily Shipping Register 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Tarian y Gweithiwr 1875-1910 <b>Available</b>
Tenby Observer 1854-1860; 1867-1889; 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>
Towyn on Sea and Merioneth County Times 1897-1905 <b>Available</b>
Tyst a'r Dydd 1871-1891 <b>Available</b>
Tyst Cymreig 1867-1870 <b>Available</b>
Tyst 1892-1910; 1914-1917 <b>Available</b>
Udgorn 1913-1918 <b>Available</b>
Weekly Mail 1879-1910 <b>Available</b>
Welsh Coast Pioneer 1900-1910 <b>Available</b>
Welsh Gazette 1899-1910 <b>Available</b>
Welshman 1835-1910 <b>Available</b>
Werin 1885-1900 <b>Available</b>
Western Mail 1869-1900 <b>Available</b>
Wrexham Guardian 1875-1879 <b>Available</b>
Wrexham Weekly Advertiser 1854-1900 <b>Available</b>
Wythnos a'r Eryr 1899-1903; 1909-1910 <b>Available</b>

Open Data

The Library is committed to sharing the data behind the Welsh Newspapers Online website. Access to the APIs that the website is built on will be available soon.